Without enough iron, the body can not produce enough red blood cells. Therefore, it is extremely important that the diet of children, adolescents and adults is rich in this valuable element. Infants who are breastfed get enough iron from their mothers. In turn, children fed with modified milk should receive formulas enriched with this ingredient. What amount of iron do children need at a given age?
7 – 12 months – 11 mg
4 – 8 years – 10 mg
9 – 13 years- 8 mg
Matured boys – 11 mg
Matured girls- 15 mg
Also, those who actively play sports, should enrich their diet with extra portions of iron, because they are sweating and losing it. It should be remembered that a shortage of this element can be quite a problem, especially in children and adolescents (especially girls with abundant menstrual periods). Young children who are no longer breastfed should receive iron-rich food. You should know that cow’s milk is quite poor in this ingredient. In addition, it reduces its absorption and can irritate the intestinal mucosa, causing minor bleeding, and thus loss of iron, which will appear in the stool. Iron deficiency affects growth. It can also cause behavioral disorders. Anemia (a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the body) may also occur. Many people with anemia do not have any symptoms or symptoms. Over time, however, they may appear, e.g.:
- fatigue and weakness,
- paleness of the skin and mucous membranes,
- fast heartbeat,
If you or your child have been suffering from any of the above symptoms, you should contact your doctor who will carry out blood tests to check the general condition of the body and any shortages.