Hygiene in everyday life seems quite obvious. This in the kitchen is the basis not to expose yourself to food poisoning. Do you always remember washing your hands? How do you store food? How do you prepare it for consumption? Do you know how to extend the freshness of products? Find out how to take care of your and your loved ones’ health in four simple steps.
Caring for the cleanliness of hands is a habit that we should acquire as early as in childhood, for example, helping in the kitchen. Hands should be washed not only before eating, but also before preparing a meal or feeding a child. In addition, it is important to wash hands that have been in contact with raw meat, fish, eggs, dirty dishes. Remember your hands also when using the toilet, throwing away rubbish, coughing, kichasz, touching animals, phone, dirty laundry, wounded skin. All these places are a source of bacteria that you can easily transfer to food products and get infected with them.
Keep clean all surfaces in your kitchen – countertops, cutting boards, as well as appliances and utensils. It is worth paying attention to change the sponges and cloths used for cleaning quite often. They have a moist environment that is very beneficial for the development of microorganisms. You can use hot water for sanitizing as well as chlorine based bleaches. Dust cloths at high temperature.
In order to avoid infection with bacteria, it is important to separate the raw and processed products. In this way you will avoid transferring impurities between food. This is important because products ready for consumption will not be heated, so you will not be able to eliminate germs. Here are some tips on how to deal with it.
When you are in the store, meat and fish wrap in an extra foil bag to prevent juice from leaking into your shopping bag.
Put shopping in the back of the car instead of in the trunk – they will be more stable.
If you use reusable material bags to make purchases, remember to wash them often.
When freezing or defrosting meat, poultry and fish, keep them on the lowest shelf in the refrigerator in an airtight container or plastic bag to avoid juice leakage.
Store eggs in the original packaging. Place them on the shelf of the fridge, not in the door, where they can come in contact with many products.
When preparing a meal, use separate boards for raw meat, poultry and fish, and the other for ready-made, cooked products.
Between cutting various products on the same board (eg meat and fish), wash it thoroughly with warm water and dish soap. The same principle applies to knives and other cutlery used to prepare dishes.
Wash the washed products into clean dishes. Never to the same containers in which they were stored a few moments ago!
Preparing a meal
It is important to maintain the hygiene of the dishes before washing vegetables and fruits. In this way, you can be sure that you will not introduce bacteria from the skin into the product. Next, remove all damaged parts of vegetables, discard the external leaves of lettuce and cabbage. Always throw away products that are a bit moldy. Do not cut this part off, just throw away the whole product! Inwardly, toxins produced by mildew could already penetrate.
Hygiene in the kitchen is also the proper preparation of eggs. Clean the crusts before using eggs. Naturally, it is protected by a shell that prevents microbes from penetrating into the interior. It is also important to always burn the egg shell with boiling water. Try not to eat raw eggs, and refrain from trying the raw dough that contains them. In this way, you prevent Salmonella poisoning.
Cooling and freezing
Food should be cooled quite quickly after preparation, so as not to give a chance for the development of microorganisms and thus avoid food poisoning. Leftovers left after a meal should not be left outside the fridge for more than 2 hours, and in warm weather this time is shortened even up to 1 hour. Also make sure that the temperature in the refrigerator is up to 4oC. A good way to extend the shelf-life of your products is also freezing. You can read more about food storage here.
Taking care of hygiene in your kitchen, remember daily about the four simple steps described above. In this way you will take care of your own health and your family’s health. So let’s do it!