In the Chinese folk tradition, it was thought that excess salt leads to greed. We will advise you on what to do not to become a greedy or sick person. Salt in numbers. Will many of us wonder whether to salivate? The answer is simple, salt, but in much smaller quantities than it is in our country. The average Pole eats about 8 – 20 g of salt a day, while the physiological needs of the body are met by 1.5 g of salt. The latest guidelines of the World Health Organization on salt consumption recommend a reduction of salt intake to 5 g daily, which means a maximum consumption of 2 g of sodium per day. Remember that the consumption of salt is not only due to our culinary habits, but also to the consumption of more highly processed products. These include, among others, meats, canned goods, dairy products, bread, bouillon cubes, fast-food dishes, silage and ready-made seasoning mixtures.
It is obvious to almost everyone that the excessive amount of salt causes hypertension. However, this is not the only disease. Excessive supply of salt in the diet can cause stomach ulcers, increase the risk of cancer of this organ, as well as edema, kidney damage and reduced absorption of nutrients, as well as calcium deficiency, which can lead to weakening of the bones, muscles and heart.
If you feel thirsty, you notice gray skin and dark urine, your eye proteins are often red, your legs are heavy, and your stomach is probably abusing salt.
Although not very often mention is made of salt deficiency, it should be remembered that this situation is also not conducive to the human body. It leads to reduced sex drive, increased intestinal gas, vomiting and muscle atrophy. Most of these symptoms are seen in people using a low-sodium diet.
Potassium fight with sodium
Potassium is a mineral that naturally balances the effects of sodium. If the proportion between sodium and potassium is disturbed, you can not talk about water stability and acid-base balance, which means that both nerves and muscles do not work properly. The body is weakened, the muscles do not have the right tension, and the reflexes are delayed. Therefore, it should be remembered to choose potassium-rich products as an addition to heavily salty dishes. These include green leafy vegetables, potatoes, tomatoes and legumes as well as bananas and many other fruits. In the latest reports, the World Health Organization reports that the daily potassium intake should be 3.51 g.
Salt salt uneven
Unfortunately, the most commonly used salt in our country is refined and sterilized from more than 60 trace elements present in it. The „present” salt in 99.5% contains sodium. The rest is potassium chloride, sugar and anti-caking agents. Maybe it is worth considering for a moment standing in front of the store shelf?
Salt can be classified in terms of many factors, including the form in which it occurs (e.g., crystals or fines), milling method (fine-grained or coarse), color (white, colored), the method of extraction (eg, stone extracted in the form of salt blocks, brewed obtained from the cleaning of rock salt in brewhouses, marine obtained as a result of evaporation of seawater).
Kitchen salt, also called purified or brewed, is the most popular salt, and at the same time the most purified of all valuable micronutrients. Chemical substances are used for cleaning, which makes sodium chloride more than 99% salt. Sometimes enriched with iodine.
Rock salt is extracted at great depths, therefore rich in minerals.
The sea salt contains only 35% sodium. In addition, we find in it elements such as muscle strengthening and nerve improving magnesium, hematopoietic iron, strengthening teeth and bones of calcium, improving the condition of hair and nails zinc, as well as iodine, selenium or manganese. It is assigned a cleansing effect, because it removes toxins from the body and improves skin tone. Its only disadvantage is a fairly high price, about 5-7 PLN / kg, while kitchen salt costs about 1 PLN / kg.
The flower of salt is a kind of salt rich in minerals, because it is formed by evaporation in brines. The brines are adjacent to the ocean and are an element of the landscape, among others Portugal and France.
And what decision? We hope you have chosen sea salt.
Steps to reduce salt in the diet.
Step I Salt should enrich the taste, not dominate it. If you feel that the dish is salty, the best proof is that it has been salted. Try to add more spices instead of salt, for example, oregano, herbs de Provence, fennel, chives, ground pepper, ginger, etc.
Step II Reduce the intake of canned products, most often contain an excessive amount of salt. Let the vegetables from the can, eg peas and corn, rinse under running water before consumption.
Step III Avoid ready-made spice blends, so-called fixów, you can always compose such a blend and each time enjoy a different taste of the dish.
Step IV Salt lost with sweat because of heat, topped up with drinks or foods rich in potassium, not sodium.
Step V The consumption of salt is higher in the cold seasons, so try to get away from the salty taste in spring or summer, so that you do not overuse salt in the winter. Do not be afraid that you will not make it, a man needs a maximum of 72 hours to get rid of this habit.